Why do we need quotes?
Punctuation is one of the most difficult sections of the Russian language, not only for foreigners, but also for Russians themselves. Today's topic will be devoted to such a punctuation mark as quotes. We will find out why we need quotes and how to use them correctly in written language.
Some facts about the origin of quotes
Quotes - a punctuation mark relatively young. They appeared in Russian punctuation approximately at the end of the XVIII century. However, before that (from about the 16th century), quotation marks were used as a note mark. It is also interesting where the word "quotes" came from. Here the opinions of linguists diverge, but most scholars agree that the word comes from the verb “kavykat”. Translated from one of the South-Russian dialects, this word means "limp", "hobble". Where does such a strange association come from? Everything is simple - in the same dialect “kavysh” means “gosling” or “duckling”. Hence the "quotes" are squiggles, traces of goose or duck paws.
Types of quotes and their use in Russian punctuation
In total there are several types of quotes, and they are called by the name of the country from which they originated, as well as by their similarity to objects. The first of the two types of quotes used in Russian is called French “Christmas trees”, the second type of quotes, also used in Russian written language, is called German “legs”. In more detail about the rules of using Christmas trees and paws a little lower, but for now let us tell about two types of quotes, which are not used in Russian punctuation, but, nevertheless, many mistakenly use them. These are English "single" and "double" quotes. According to the norms of Russian punctuation, you can use only French Christmas trees and German paws. Fir-trees are used as usual quotes, and paws are used as "quotes" inside "quotes", as well as when writing text manually.
Rules for the use of quotes in the sentence
We introduce another definition of quotes. Quotes we call a pair of punctuation marks, with the help of which certain types of speech and word meanings are distinguished in a letter. What are these types of speech? First, it quotes from some sources. In Russian, in many cases it is more intelligent to use quotes instead of the copyright icon - (c). Secondly, with the help of quotation marks, direct speech is distinguished in the text.If we talk about words in quotes, then there are also two rules for their statement. First, the quotes stand out the names of various organizations, enterprises, firms, brands, varieties, etc. Secondly, using quotes, you can give the word indirect, that is, a figurative meaning, including the opposite and / or ironic. For example, the word "clever", in quotes, can mean a person either stupid or has committed some absurd or rash act. We are sure that now it will not be difficult for you to write an essay on the topic "Why do we need quotes". Read the rest of the punctuation marks in our other articles!