What is sperm?

Lilya Mayak
Lilya Mayak
February 3, 2015
What is sperm?

Perhaps, that such a sperm, in general, even an elementary school student has an idea. However, not everyone knows what it consists of, what factors influence its quality and quantity, what they should be, etc.

We will tell about all this in detail and in this article.

Sperm definition

Sperm is a viscous fluid of a light gray color, which is released during ejaculation in men and males of animals. It begins to form during puberty boys and decreases by old age. Read more about this in our article What should be sperm.

The maximum amount of sperm reaches men in adulthood. On average, its volume at each ejaculation ranges from 2 to 5 ml. At the same time, it reaches 3 liters in male whales. The ejaculate, often called sperm, consists of sperm and seminal fluid.

The composition of sperm includes the following acids:

  • ascorbic;
  • dairy;
  • hyaluronic;
  • urinary;
  • pyruvic;
  • lemon;
  • docosahexaenoic.

It also contains fructose, urea, pyrimidine, cholesterol, cyanocobalamin, spermine, spermidine and other substances. On the topic can read our article What is useful sperm.

What affects sperm

The amount of ejaculate in men is different and depends on age, health, frequency of sexual acts and other factors. It is important to know that a large amount of sperm does not mean its high fertilizing ability. The latter is due, primarily, to the quantity and quality of spermatozoa. Therefore, you should consider the main factors that affect them:

  • Bad habits: smoking and alcohol abuse reduce the activity of sperm.
  • Poor nutrition: lack of vitamins, zinc and other nutrients in the body - the second reason that has a negative effect on sperm.
  • Diseases of the urogenital system, including venereal diseases and prostatitis, as well as complicated forms of infections (for example, mumps), viral hepatitis and others can dramatically reduce the quality of spermatozoa.
  • Overheating: a temperature of 40 degrees is already fatal to the ejaculate.Therefore, frequent visits to saunas and baths are a bad habit for men.
  • Excessive exercise reduces the level of sex hormone in men - testosterone, which leads to a blockage of the formation of active sperm.

The quantity and quality of sperm are also adversely affected by poor ecology, chemistry, overweight and even intelligence. Studies have shown that intellectually developed men also differ in the quality of ejaculate.