What is shock?

Anna Kitaychik
Anna Kitaychik
January 25, 2015
What is shock?

In extreme situations for the body, the human body falls into shock. What is a shock from the point of view of medicine and under what circumstances can it arise?

Shock is a life-threatening pathological process that occurs in the human body after an extremely strong stimulus. The state of shock is accompanied by severe disorders of the central nervous system, respiratory systems, blood circulation and metabolism.

Cases in which shock can develop: a gunshot wound, severe burns, blood transfusion (excluding the Rh factor), severe injuries, the introduction of a vaccine.

Stages of shock

  1. Erectile. At this stage, the person is fully conscious, but there is a strong motor and speech arousal. Breathing becomes faster, blood pressure rises slightly and blood circulation is disturbed, which leads to a slight oxygen starvation of tissues.
  2. Torpidnaya. In this stage, blood pressure quickly decreases, consciousness is dimmed, heart rate is significantly reduced.Also begins the damage to the organs and tissues of the body due to impaired blood microcirculation and hypoxia. About what it is, you will learn here: What is hypoxia This stage can end with cardiac arrest.

Types of shock

There are several types of shock depending on the reasons for it:

  • Traumatic shock. It is the result of muscle breakage, fracture, or damage to the muscle endings. The victim is usually torn, screaming and gesticulating actively. His pupils are greatly dilated, and his heartbeat is increased.
  • Burn shock. Occurs with extensive damage to the skin. Burn disease develops, infectious and barrier functions are disturbed.
  • Anaphylactic shock - what is it? Many people with allergies know this word. Such shock can be caused by insect poisons or drugs.
  • Blood transfusion shock is an instantaneous response to an inappropriate blood transfusion.