What is oxytocin?

Andrey Kim
Andrey Kim
January 27, 2015
What is oxytocin?

Oxytocin is a hormone produced by the hypothalamus and has a variety of physical and psychological effects on the human body. Oxytocin is popularly called the hormone of love.

We will understand what oxytocin is and how it affects the body.

Oxytocin - the female hormone

With proper production of oxytocin creates a feeling of peace and intimacy, it is a hormone of tenderness and affection. In addition, oxytocin plays an important role in childbirth and feeding. That is why, despite the fact that oxytocin is produced by both the male and the female body, it is often called the female hormone.

Effects of oxytocin

The effect of oxytocin on the body has not yet been fully studied, but even at the moment, the known effects found as a result of studies of this hormone, do not give doubt to its significance. Here are just some of them:

  • stimulation of endorphin production - the hormone of happiness;
  • reduced production of cortisol - a stress hormone;
  • stimulation of uterine contractions;
  • facilitating the process of childbirth and breastfeeding;
  • improving sleep quality;
  • communication skills in society;
  • reduced craving for narcotic substances;
  • pinning emotional memories;
  • increase sexual arousal;
  • increased emotional attachment;
  • muscle renewal;
  • treatment of autism.

What stimulates the production of oxytocin?

So, oxytocin stimulates the production of the hormone of happiness and reduces the production of the stress hormone, which explains a greater number of other positive effects on the human body. However, all these effects are relevant only if oxytocin is produced by the body in sufficient quantities.

How to stimulate the production of oxytocin? Scientists have shown that a large release of oxytocin in the blood is observed when a person is embraced, kissed, gently touched. Of course, sex is also a great way to make oxytocin. I must say that any positive action - communication, caring for someone, laughing, buying small gifts for yourself and loved ones - all this stimulates the production of oxytocin. In general, the production of this hormone occurs in normal quantities, when a person is calm, satisfied and is in a complacent mood.

Oxytocin at birth

In pharmacies today, you can find a drug called Oxytocin, it is prescribed to stimulate childbirth on medical grounds, during cesarean section, with atony (loss of uterine tone) and atonic bleeding. The drug oxytocin stimulates the smooth muscles of the uterus, increases contractile activity and tone, and also has a positive effect on lactation.

The drug is administered intramuscularly, and if this measure did not give effect - intravenously. Of course, the use of this drug should be carried out only by a doctor with the proper qualifications.