What is gastritis?

Andrey Kim
Andrey Kim
January 12, 2015
What is gastritis?

Gastritis is a collective term for various inflammatory and dystrophic diseases of the gastric mucosa. Gastritis is one of the most common diseases not only in Russia, but throughout the world, and in most cases it is a chronic illness, and it is almost impossible to cure it completely and irrevocably. In this article we will talk more about what is gastritis.

Causes of gastritis

The difficulty of treating gastritis lies in particular in the fact that it is rather difficult to understand what the cause of the disease is, and to completely eliminate the problem, as is well known, it is necessary to treat the cause and not the consequences. The most popular causes of gastritis are:

  • The activity of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, as well as other harmful bacteria and fungi;
  • Eating disorders, including bad habits (smoking, alcohol) and a lack of vitamins;
  • Metabolic disease;
  • Taking medications that negatively affect the condition of the mucous membranes;
  • Stress;
  • The effects on the body of chemicals and radiation;
  • Infestation by parasites;
  • Genetic predisposition;
  • Infectious diseases.

And this, we note, only the most popular causes of gastritis, there are others, including those not yet identified.

The development of gastritis

For one of the following reasons, the gastric mucosa is irritated and "calls" to aid the cells of the immune system, whose task is to remove pathogens from the body. The cells of the immune system begin a "war", which manifests itself as an inflammatory process. Thus, the inflammatory process in gastritis is not just the effects of irritation of the mucous membrane, but also the desire of the body to bring "order".

Gastritis treatment

Of course, as you understand, treatment largely depends on the cause of gastritis, each medication prescribed by a doctor solves its problem, but whatever the reason, a strict diet is prescribed for gastritis that excludes fatty and spicy foods from the diet.