What is a federation?
Any country of our world has a certain status. Someone calls himself a republic, and someone - a federation. Today, dear reader, we will touch on a very interesting and important topic. We will talk about what a federation is and what features this territorial-political object has.
Federation and its characteristics
First of all, we note that in modern politics a federation has a set of certain legally independent subjects. Imagine a territory whose inhabitants live under the flag of a certain country. As you know, any territory is divided into some areas, districts, prefectures or districts, and so on. The Federation includes these districts, dictating to them only the fundamental principles of life, which are enshrined in the constitution of this state. At the level of the subjects of such a country, there may exist its own rules and laws that differ from laws in other regions. The most important condition is the absence of disagreement with the constitution of a given federation.
What is the Russian Federation
This is the country in which we live. As of 2012, the Russian Federation or the Russian Federation is the largest country in the world in territorial terms. In terms of population, Russia is in eighth place. The political system of our country is fully consistent with its official name. The Russian Federation has 83 administrative-territorial units, where people of various nations and beliefs live. However, the status of a particular subject should be taken into account. The largest number, namely, 46, is an area. 21 republics, 9 territories, 2 cities of federal significance, 4 autonomous districts and 1 autonomous region constitute the territorial-political structure of our homeland. Each status, be it a republic or a land, has its own characteristics and is different from each other. This is what the Russian Federation is.
Federation. What does this term mean in modern terms? For a deeper understanding of the essence of the term, we consider it necessary to turn to the main features of a federation that distinguish it from a unitary state. What does federation mean:
- Legal freedom of the subjects of the federation.Along with the general constitution, the territorial units of the federation have the right to adopt their own charters, laws, and even their own constitution. Also, these areas have all the attributes of a constitutional law state. They can have their own coat of arms, anthem, citizenship and capital. These objects have everything except state sovereignty.
- The subject of the federation cannot withdraw from its membership and participate in international relations as an independent player.
- Each object of the federation has its own name, which is formed, as a rule, in the course of the influence of certain historical factors.
- Any federation is a clearly divided territory. Its units have different status, while having the same capabilities.
- The highest authorities of the federation are divided into two types - the supreme power and administrative power "on the ground." In other words, the supreme power regulates the activities of the entire country, and the administration regulates the district or region.
- Depending on a country having the status of a federation, there are certain norms of the organization of legislative, executive and judicial power.In this case, there may be two ways. The first of these is the creation of a system where the listed echelons of power are concentrated only at the national level. They have the unquestioning right and are endowed with undivided power. Another way involves the presence of all these echelons in every region of the country. They have influence in the territory of their subject.
What is a subject of the federation? The subject of the federation is a territorial unit, that is, that part of the land that is allocated for a particular region, region or republic. That area where you live, dear reader, is the subject that is part of the Russian Federation.