What is a collider?
World discoveries occur constantly. A person seeks to understand why certain processes occur. One of the most interesting discoveries was the Higgs Boson and the collider. What is a collider? Let's talk about this below.
The Higgs boson is a fundamental part of the Standard Model. If this is explained in simple terms, a comparison with gossip is appropriate. The Higgs Field is a hall, a room. At a certain point, a famous person (star) comes in, with whom everyone wants to communicate. When this person moves, even if he has a small speed, then this rumor will pass very quickly in a crowd, forming small seals.
Collider, derived from the English collide - push. This is a charged particle accelerator. Large Hadron Collider - a grand structure for the study of elementary particles. The main task of the collider is the detection of the Higgs boson, the study of the collision of protons with energy.
What is a collider where it is located? The collider is a tunnel in the form of a ring, equipped with unique equipment.More than 10 thousand scientists from 100 countries of the world participated in the construction of the Large Hadron Collider. The collider ring (27 km long and 8.5 km in diameter) is located on the border of France and Switzerland. It employs about 5,000 employees. This is the largest international project, the participants of which are EU countries, and the observers are Russia, USA, Canada, Japan, China. The first tests of the collider, scientists began in August 2008 and only 4 years later the Higgs boson (a particle of God) was found. The value of this discovery is important only for fundamental physics.