Temperature standards in cats
Body temperature is a very important indicator that allows you to assess the health of people and animals, including cats. And what temperature is considered normal for furry pets?
What is a normal temperature for cats? It should be in the range of 38 to 39 degrees, which is considered the norm for a healthy animal. Still, some deviations are possible.
What can influence the temperature?
The temperature of the cats body may vary slightly. This indicator is affected by several factors:
- Age of the animal. So, in mature cats, the temperature may be somewhat lower. This is due to the fact that, firstly, with age, pets become less active and more calm. Secondly, the body slows down all processes, the metabolic rate decreases, and this can also lead to a decrease. But in kittens, on the contrary, the temperature can be increased, and this is explained by the inadequate functioning of the organism, in particular, by some violations of the functions of thermoregulation.This is a kind of protective mechanism that helps to prevent hypothermia. The normal temperature of a kitten is approximately 39.5 degrees.
- Times of Day. At night and in the morning, the temperature is somewhat reduced (usually to 37 degrees in a healthy animal), since the animal is at rest. But in the evening after an active day, it may, on the contrary, increase.
- Gender. In cats, due to the influence of hormones and the characteristics of the reproductive system, the temperature is somewhat higher than that of cats.
- Season. In winter, the temperature may rise slightly, so the cat's body tries to keep itself warm and prevent overcooling. If the cat came from a walk in the cold season, the temperature, on the contrary, will decrease.
- Temperament. In active cats, the temperature is often elevated, and it must be so, because during the movements all processes are accelerated.
An increase in temperature almost always indicates some kind of inflammation or malfunction of the body. And they can be very different: from poisoning or infections of various organs to problems in the work of the kidneys.In addition, the temperature may be somewhat elevated during pregnancy.
Symptoms of fever: hot and dry nose, lethargy and weakness of the pet, loss of appetite, decreased activity, increased heart rate, and frequent or heavy breathing.
What to do? To reduce the temperature, you can give your pet an antipyretic drug (on the advice of a veterinarian), lightly dampen its fur, give your pet a drink of water (preferably cool), and apply something cold to the inner surface of the thigh or neck.
Lowering the temperature
Lowering the temperature is no less dangerous than raising it. And if she fell below 37 degrees, then it is worth sounding the alarm.
And what can say such a symptom?
- First, about hypothermia, such a reason is the most banal and obvious.
- Secondly, a decrease in body temperature can be observed with large blood loss or internal bleeding, and such conditions are extremely dangerous and require immediate assistance.
- Third, serious manifestations of the nervous or cardiovascular system can be accompanied by such a manifestation.
The main symptoms of low temperature are: raising the coat, weakness, trying to find a warm place and curl up, trembling, pallor of the skin and all mucous membranes.
How to help? To increase body temperature, try to warm up the pet: cover it with a blanket or wrap it around, cover with heaters, and also offer a warm drink.
How to measure the temperature?
To determine the temperature, it is desirable to use a mercury thermometer, it is more accurate. It should be placed in the anus, that is, measurements are performed rectally. Surely the animal will not like it, so you have to keep it, because sudden movements and increased activity may affect the results.
So, take a thermometer, treat with an antiseptic, and brush the tip with petroleum jelly. Fix the pet (it is advisable to ask someone for help, you yourself are unlikely to cope) and put the tip of the thermometer in its anus at about 2 or 3 centimeters. After 2-3 minutes, remove the thermometer and evaluate the results. Then wipe the device with a cotton pad moistened with an antiseptic.
Such useful knowledge will help you monitor the health of the cat, monitor its condition and notice any deviations in time.