Rheumatoid Arthritis: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Rheumatoid arthritis: symptoms
The initial stage of rheumatoid arthritis is often latent or hidden. The patient experiences general weakness, fatigue, sweating, evening muscle pain. The temperature may rise to subfebrile.
In the acute stage of rheumatoid arthritis, pain becomes permanent, aching. After taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for a while, it subsides and reappears. Morning stiffness of the joints lasts for one hour. The movements are difficult, the affected joints ache and swell, because during the night the fluid accumulates in the cavity. The progression of the disease leads to deformity of the joints.
Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis
The doctor examines the patient. Clinical symptoms clearly indicate rheumatoid arthritis, since pain is present in the affected joints during palpation, the area of the tendons is swollen, the motor function of the fingers and hands is impaired.But for an accurate diagnosis requires additional methods of examination. The patient is sent for biochemical and complete blood count, determination of rheumatoid factor, X-ray.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
Rheumatoid arthritis is incurable. Basic therapy helps prevent the progression of the disease and significantly improve the quality of life, reduce the disability of patients. To slow the destruction of the joints, immunosuppressants and cytostatics are recommended. In addition to medications, the patient must attend an exercise therapy room, a physiotherapy room. Surgical treatment is carried out to correct severe deformity, in which it becomes impossible to perform simple household tasks. Do not forget that rheumatoid arthritis affects all vital organs. Therefore, the treatment of the disease should be complex and lifelong.