How to treat syphilis?
Syphilis is a chronic venereal disease caused by treponema pallidum. Syphilis causes inflammation in organs and tissues. The disease lasts for many years, characterized by periodic exacerbations.
Syphilis is isolated:
The incubation period for syphilis lasts from 9 to 90 days.
How is syphilis diagnosed
Syphilis can be diagnosed on the basis of secretions from an ulcer and a blood test. The course of treatment is a 2-week course of antibiotic injections. After cured syphilis, to check the state of health, it will be necessary to donate blood regularly for two years to exclude that the disease will return.
In the case of primary, secondary and secondary recurrent syphilis, the diagnosis is made by the method of detection of microorganisms - pathogens by microscopic examination of lesions:
- mucous membranes
- lymph nodes
Consider how to treat syphilis. According to epidemiological indications,patients with infectious forms and latent syphilis are hospitalized at the veneerologic dispensary, where there are all the necessary conditions to treat syphilis in the first 24 hours after the diagnosis has been established.
In late forms of syphilis, patients are treated permanently: in venereology, cardiology, which is determined by the nature of tissue damage. In addition to therapy, additional preventive measures are prescribed for people who have been in close contact with those who are sick with infectious forms, prophylactic treatment of children whose mothers have had syphilis, as well as pregnant women who have had this disease. Such a treatment a person can get in skin and venereal diseases.
The answer to the question whether syphilis can be cured depends on what stage the disease is at the time of the start of treatment, whether there are irreversible lesions of the central nervous system, what diseases are associated with syphilis, and how to treat them. If you start treating a disease while it is still at an early stage (primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis is detected). To conduct it according to modern methods with the obligatory use of treponemocidal antibiotics. Almost without exception, the cases end in clinical cure of the patient.Serological reactions become negative (the positive results of the Wasserman reaction will turn into negative when taking similar samples) recurrences of early syphilis and the risk of late forms of syphilis will be prevented.
Penicillin is widely used in treatment. It is thanks to him that cases of relapse are so rare. Antisyphilitic treatment of pregnant women in the first half of pregnancy fully guarantees the birth of a healthy baby. If the disease is congenital, the timely conduct of antisyphilitic treatment plays a huge role. Curing a progressive disease is not as easy as curing syphilis at an early stage, treatment only stops the pathological process that has already begun, it is not always able to normalize the functioning of the affected organs and lead to a negative result of serological reactions, so it is very important to start fighting the disease as soon as possible. When combined with HIV infection, the prognosis of syphilis changes completely; this is most often due to the fact that the transmission routes of both diseases are common. In these cases, the prognosis is also determined by the possibility of developing HIV infection.
After the end of treatment: preventive, antisyphilitic, or prophylactic, for a certain period, patients are in the dispensary register. Patients with different forms of syphilis are observed separately. This is done to control the success of the treatment applied.
In order to prevent the spread of the disease among the population, the following measures are taken:
- Identify and sanitize the sources of infection with syphilis, household and sexual contacts of the patient
- At the time of follow-up it is necessary to abstain from contact with the patient.
- If a person has had syphilis, even after complete recovery he cannot be a blood donor.
Now you know how and where to treat syphilis. We wish you good health!