How to Run an ANOVA in SPSS
Oneway analysis of variance (OneWay ANOVA) procedures produce an analysis for a quantitative dependent variable affected by a single factor (independent variable). Analysis of variance is used to test the hypothesis that several means are equal. This technique is an extension of the twosample t test. Think of it as a generalization of the pooled t test. Instead of two populations (as in the case of a t test), there are more than two populations or treatments.
Research Question: Which of the alloys tested would be appropriate for creating an underwater sensor array?
To find the best alloy for an underwater sensor array, four different types are tested for resistance to corrosion. Five plates of each alloy are submerged for 60 days after which the number of corrosive pits on each plate is measured.
H0: The four alloys exhibit the same kind of behavior and are not different from one another. H1: The four alloys exhibit different kind of behaviors and are different from one another.
The data file used in this article is provided in the link below.
Steps

Open the Alloy.sav file.The data file is provided in the link below. NOTE: Each case within the OneWay ANOVA data file represents one of the 20 metal plates (5 plates of 4 different alloys) and is characterized by 2 variables. One variable assigns a numeric value to the alloy. The other variable is used to quantify the number of pits on the plate after being underwater for 60 days.

Click the Analyze menu, point to Compare Means, and then click OneWay ANOVA.The OneWay ANOVA dialog box opens.

Select the pits variable in the box on the left and move it to the Dependent List box.

Select the Alloy [alloy] variable in the box on the left and move it to the Factor box.

Click the Options button.The OneWay ANOVA: Options dialog box opens.

Select the Descriptive, Homogeneity of variance test, and Means plot check boxes.

Click the Continue button.

Click the OK button.The Output Viewer window opens. If sample means are close to each other, this value is small. The Within Groups variation 335.600 is due to differences within individual samples. The Mean Square values are calculated by dividing each Sum of Squares value by its respective degree of freedom (df). The table also lists the F statistic 95.768, which is calculated by dividing the Between Groups Mean Square by the Within Groups Mean Square. The significance level of 0.000 is less than the threshold value of 0.05 indicating that the null hypothesis can be rejected. In conclusion, the alloys are not all the same.
Video: SPSS Tutorial: One Way ANOVA
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