How to make laws?
Very often, a new law is passed from TV screens or by radio, the new bill is passed by the Duma, but on what grounds and in what order the law is passed to us, citizens of the Russian Federation, it is not always clear, because things are done somewhere in top. " Laws are created for the purpose of allowing, allowing or prohibiting the citizens of the state of any action. The content of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, as the basic law of Russia, is aimed primarily at maintaining balanced and honest relations between citizens of the Russian Federation and the Government and at maintaining order in society as a whole. Read more about the need and the appointment of laws in our article Why laws are needed.
The right to consider, approve or reject bills today in Russia has such state institutions as:
- Council of the Federation;
- The current head of state is Vladimir Putin;
- Representatives from each of the 85 subjects of the Russian Federation;
The main function of the State Duma is to adopt laws as the basic mechanisms for the functioning of state power.The bodies with the right to consider future laws know which issues and national problems should be put on the agenda first of all. Although the citizens of Russia do not have the legislative right, they can always turn to their chosen deputy with their suggestions and wishes.
The process of adopting laws in the Russian Federation
- At the very beginning, Duma deputies get acquainted with the text of the future in the perspective of the law. Lawyers, specialists, sociologists, political scientists, all those who are aware of the issues addressed in the draft law can be involved in working with the text. After that, the draft law is passed to the state. The Duma, which is subject to review in three stages, which are called three readings.
- During the first reading, suggestions or comments are made. The modified version is passed to the second reading. Deputies in detail and thoroughly discuss each article of the bill, as well as amendments, if they were made at the stage of the first reading.
- The third stage is characterized by voting "for" or "against." If a majority has voted for adoption, the law is considered adopted.
- Within 5 calendar days after the adoption of a positive chamberdecisions the law is sent to the Federation Council for further advancement, where absolutely all laws are not considered, but only those that primarily concern the most important aspects: the lives of citizens of the Russian Federation, the country's economy, and the protection of Russia's security. Two weeks are given for consideration of the law. The law is considered approved if the majority of members of the chamber voted “for” or if it was not considered at all within a 14-day period.
- If the law is approved, it is sent to V.V. for signature within five days. Putin The head of state, in turn, can sign or reject it. If they are given good, then the requirements of the law should be communicated to all citizens of the Russian Federation through the media: news, front pages of newspapers, etc.
- The law enters into force upon the expiration of 10 days from the moment of its adoption, and the entry into force takes place in all regions of the Russian Federation at the same time.
- The president may also disagree with the law approved and passed by him and return it for reconsideration.