How to help the body perezimovat
Some desperate enthusiasts even suggest treating depression with warmth. Like, if messages come to the brain: “It's warm outside, life is beautiful”, the level of serotonin will automatically increase and antidepressants will not be needed. Not the fact that it will work - we need time-consuming and lengthy research. But the hatred of Russian cold for half a year is not just a figure of speech, but pure physiology. This must be understood in order to successfully withstand the cold, the wind and the accompanying weather whims despondency.
Our body made sure that with the onset of cold weather relations with simple carbohydrates become more humane. As the day falls and the temperature outside decreases, insulin sensitivity increases and glucose begins to be absorbed by the cells. Therefore, the desire to dilute the usual diet of low-fat cottage cheese and vegetable salad with an impressive portion of hot chocolate is quite normal. The body increases energy costs and requires carbohydrates.So, you are unlikely to gain weight gain.
Alas, for obese people, this mechanism for some reason works less frequently. For unknown reasons, the metabolic flexibility in people with excess weight is statistically lower, so the chances of gaining a few extra pounds in addition to those already available for lush ladies and corporal gentlemen are increasing.
A good way to dress in cold is to follow the principle of layering. It is better to put on a few not too warm clothes than to put on a warm down jacket-blanket over a chiffon dress. When there is a lot of clothes, it is easier to create comfortable conditions for yourself: not to sweat, but not to freeze.
And sweat then in the cold season is dangerous. It takes only a little to get wet and get cool, as they begin to declare themselves vulnerable spots. People with chronic pharyngitis get a spasm of the vessels of the legs and a reflex narrowing of the vessels in the throat (yes, my grandmother did not knowingly keep her feet warm), which reduces the resistance of the mucous membrane to all malignant microbes. Those who often suffer from back pain, get a muscle spasm and pain that twists and does not allow to straighten a few days.
Therefore you should not dress like the North Pole. You need to choose things so that it is warm, but not hot. Fortunately, with the advent of all sorts of cunning technologies for the production of quality thermal underwear, weightless down jackets and other winter clothes, it was not at all difficult.
Swing the muscles
The stories that only fat is the body’s natural “insulant” are not entirely correct. Thin people with minimal fat are actually more likely to suffer from cold than others. That is, a certain percentage of adipose tissue in the body still needs to exist, and, contrary to the warlike slogans of the beauty industry about fighting cellulite, is not so small.
An excessive amount of adipose tissue from the cold will not save. Fat breaks down into fatty acids with the release of energy. But if there are no conditions for burning fat, it will still be safely stored in the depot cells. Muscle protein can also "go into the furnace" with the release of energy, but such wastefulness the body allows itself only in very hungry times.
But muscles, unlike fat, are pierced with many vessels. Abundant blood supply and gives the desired feeling of warmth.Therefore, if you are worried about the constant feeling of cold, you need to pay attention to power loads. More muscle tissue - more intense blood supply. So you can create your own personal "heating system" and finally stop living in uggs, down scarf and ski pants.
Go to the bath
Contrasting procedures help train the body to resist the cold. Normally, adaptation to frost is an alternation of spasm and dilation of blood vessels. Finnish sauna, Russian bath, Turkish hammam - all this is an excellent training of natural adaptive mechanism. Especially if you combine heat treatments with a cold contrast shower or a cool pool. It is important to remember that there are contraindications. Therefore, in the presence of chronic diseases, you must first consult with your doctor.
Complete medical examinations
Inability to warm up is not necessarily your default option for your body. Of course, there are really a lot of sufferers in the world, to whom the genetic lottery has prepared a bad cold tolerance. In some, the very adaptational alternation of spasm and dilation of blood vessels in the arms and legs is impaired,which helps to keep warm. Therefore, even on a fresh summer evening these poor creatures can not be driven out into the street without warm clothes. Others are completely blistered in the cold - and this is not frostbite, but a special, genetically programmed skin device. Poor cold tolerance also occurs with age.
However, there are some diseases that cause pathological "frostiness". And treatment here can help significantly improve the quality of life. Here are the diseases that need to be excluded (of course, with the participation of a specialist):
- Reduced thyroid function. The unbridled desire to sleep under two blankets is a symptom of hypothyroidism, well known to endocrinologists. In some regions of Russia, iodine is deficient in food and water. Therefore, there are more often identify diseases of the thyroid gland. For example, in the Tula region it is recommended to find out at least once a year how this body is doing there: to do ultrasounds and, if any changes are found, to donate blood for hormones. If you bring the loosened thyroid indicators back to normal, life will become much warmer.
- Pituitary adenoma. A tiny formation in the miniature structure of the brain can heap things up that little will seem.For example, to make a man produce breast milk, and a woman - to shave his mustache every morning; suffer from cold or panic attacks; increase shoe size to giant or grow a nose like a mythical monster. Fortunately, in pituitary adenoma, poor cold tolerance is rarely the only symptom. Therefore, a good endocrinologist will not miss this ailment and will certainly refer the patient to the necessary examinations.
- Diabetes. One of the typical complaints of a diabetic: "Frozen feet and palms." In fact, it is not so much poor tolerability of cold, as a violation of sensitivity associated with damage to the nerves. To identify diabetes, you will need to donate blood for glucose. And if the diagnosis is already established, it is advisable to appear to a neurologist at least once a year - it will help to avoid complications of this disease.
- Anemia. Anemia, from which noble maidens suffered completely two centuries ago, is returning. According to the World Health Organization, more than 30% of people on the planet suffer from anemia. And more people suffer from iron deficiency than from any other problem of global scale.Some experts claim that up to 80% of women in Russia have a hidden iron deficiency. In anemia, typical symptoms include inability to keep warm, brittle nails, hair loss, dizziness, and weakness. Iron deficiency can be hidden: it means that the complete blood count does not show abnormalities, but the study of serum iron and ferritin shows the problem. Another type of anemia is associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. And this disease is not uncommon due to the fashion for veganism and raw foods. Good nutrition and, if necessary, preparations of iron and vitamin B12 will help to avoid anemia. The dosage and duration of the course is determined by the doctor.
But to drink alcohol in the cold is not necessary - to warm up it will not help. Alcohol only temporarily creates a sensation of heat, while cleverly knocks the body settings and prevents it from adapting to the cold. Alcohol reduces the ability to objectively assess the situation, including the climatic situation, so the risk of hypothermia after drinking increases.