How to grow chestnut?
We all love chestnut alleys and squares. Spreading palmate leaves, lush crown, flowers that adorn the tree with their fluffy candles, the fruits - first in the form of prickly and green hedgehogs, and after - dark large seeds (nuts). Therefore, many of us have always thought about how to grow the chestnut itself at home, because the saplings of this tree are pretty decent. True, now horse chestnut can often be seen in parks and squares of central Russia and even much more to the north.
How to grow chestnut walnut (instruction)
- Fruits must be harvested in the fall as they ripen, that is, when they fall from a tree.
- To ensure the future plant with good endurance and a higher percentage of germination, the stratification procedure is carried out. To do this, the fruit is placed in a humid and cold environment. For example, put them in a container, sprinkled with river sand. After that, put in a refrigerator on the lower shelf or in a cold basement for 9-12 days. So you need to cook chestnut seeds in case you want to sow them in the fall.
- If you want to plant a chestnut in the spring, then after winter storage (upper shelf of the refrigerator or basement), the seeds are not placed in a cold environment, but in a warm one. The fruits prepared for planting are filled with warm water for 5 days. Water, as it cools, must be periodically changed. Thus, in the walnut, the shell softens and the embryo swells.
- Prepared fruits are planted in the right place. The depth of planting should be 2-3 cm, but not more than 3 diameters of the nut. Seeds that are planted in the fall, germinate 10-14 days earlier than during spring planting. However, spring sowing tree grows better in the soil and “prepares” for cold weather.
- There is another way of planting chestnuts: the nuts are collected in late autumn, when they pass through the natural stratification, and in early January they are planted in flower pots. You need to water them like ordinary houseplants. In spring, transplant the sprout to a permanent place, not forgetting to water it regularly. We recommend to slightly trim the taproot when transplanting. This is necessary for the formation of a compact and strong root system of the tree. In addition, the plant itself will be stronger and stronger.Do not forget to make a fence around the tree, because the tree is still so small.
How to grow chestnut fruit
This method consists in the following: find a chestnut tree in the fall and cover with leaves the fruits that have attacked it. In the spring, as soon as the snow melted, dig out the foliage and look. Some of the fruit must necessarily germinate. On them you will see thick roots. Dial yourself as much as you need, and land where you have outlined.
Do not forget that it is not necessary to deepen the germinated fruits of chestnut strongly into the ground. If the seeds are located close to the surface of the soil, they can dry out; if they are planted deep, they will make a long way to the surface. The first shoots may appear at the earliest in ten days, but they may come in a month. This is also considered normal.