How to grow a banana?
Some plant lovers think about it, is it possible to grow a banana at home? At first glance it may seem that this is unreal, although everything is absolutely wrong! To grow a banana at home is very possible, only to enjoy the taste of the fruit is unlikely to succeed, since their edibility will be relative. If you are a banana lover and cannot imagine your life without them, then read and learn how to grow them at home.
Grow banana from seed
So let's see where to start, how to grow a banana from seed? The first thing to do is to prepare the seeds correctly.
We should start with seed preparation. Since they have a very hard shell, it should be damaged. This will allow water to penetrate inward to the germ. This treatment is called scarification. It is made using nail files or needles. The main thing is that the shell should only be damaged, but not destroyed.
Equally important is the choice of dishes. If you are going to grow no more than 10 seeds, then it is most convenient to plant them one by one in ordinary plastic disposable cups.However, if you decide to grow a large number of seeds, it is best to sow them into a common bowl. So it will be much more convenient, as long as it is not too deep and wide enough. Do not forget to make holes in the center of the bottom or in each corner of the bowl, having a diameter of about 10 mm. They are needed to drain excess water.
After you choose a suitable dish, you should pour a layer of drainage from very small stones or expanded clay into it. The height of the layer should be about 1.5-2 cm. Then you need to pour a layer of the substrate. Its height should be 4-5 cm. It should be noted that from the edge of the bowl to the surface of the substrate should remain about 3 cm of free space. This is necessary so that the emerging shoots do not rest on the glass covering the top. The resulting greenhouse must be covered. The fact is that banana seeds germinate long enough - at least 3 months. Before planting seeds, they should be placed for 30 minutes in a highly saturated solution of potassium permanganate. An hour before planting, it is desirable to pour the same solution and substrate. In this case, the substrate is a mixture of coarse river sand with a small addition of steamed peat (in a 4: 1 ratio).It should be noted that the sand should first be washed and calcined on a dry metal sheet. Entering into the substrate of any nutrient components not only does not make sense, but also harms. Because it can attract putrefactive fungi and bacteria to crops.
Sowing, watering and lighting the seeds
Consider further how to grow a banana. The next step in this process is sowing seeds. Seeds should be laid out on the surface of the substrate evenly, and slightly pressed into it. For the seeds to germinate, light is needed.
The crop plate itself should be in a well-lit place. However, direct sunlight must be avoided. It is simply unacceptable! Because it can cause overheating of seeds and their death. As soon as it is noticed that the substrate has dried, it is necessary to immerse the pot with the crops in a large-sized vessel. It should be filled with boiled warm water with a small addition of potassium permanganate. At the same time, the immersion depth should ensure contact with water by the lower part of the substrate. When wet spots appear on the surface of the substrate - it should stop watering.
Now you know how to grow a banana. But there is another important point, it is that it is necessary to avoid the appearance of mold on the substrate. It can appear in the form of vatoobraznyh white lumps, white fluffy cobwebs or small white rash. If it was not possible to avoid its appearance, you should immediately take steps to eliminate it. Using a teaspoon to remove the affected areas of the substrate and seeds. Then the entire surface should be copiously sprayed with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. The glass covering the top must also be sanitized and the glass house covered again.
The banana grows extremely fast. If suitable conditions are created for him, within a year tender seedlings will turn into powerful plants having a height of 2 to 2.5 m, and about 15 cm thick at the base. Of course, for normal growth, the plant must be provided with light, water, heat and fertilizers. It is recommended to fertilize the soil once every 3 months; watering should be carried out once or twice a week as the soil dries. Of course, the plant must be provided with constant heat and sunlight. To do this, you can keep a banana in the summer on the balcony, and in the winter put in the warmest room.When covering the topic of how to grow a banana at home, it should be noted that by the end of the first year the plant will need a large box containing about 30-40 liters of land. On this, the wild growth of a banana will stop, and he will delight his master with inflorescences, and then fruits. After that, the plant will die, but first it will leave small processes that will need to be carefully cut and transplanted into separate vessels, so that they will delight you as much as their predecessor. Try and enjoy the fruits of your own banana!