How to feed newborns?
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The birth of a child is an important event in the life of the family, and it does not matter if it is the firstborn or not. Parents immediately face a number of tasks that need to be addressed, and one of them is how to feed newborns, how many times to do it, and what to do if breast milk is not enough. All these questions we will consider in this article.
How to feed a newborn
The mother’s milk is the natural food for a baby just born. That it is able to give the child everything necessary for full growth and development. Every mother should make every effort to keep breastfeeding as long as possible. There are recommendations of experienced professionals who will help a woman to properly breastfeed her newborns.
Pose for breastfeeding
Many mothers are interested in what position they feed the baby. There is no unequivocal answer, since the feeding process is purely individual and the main recommendation for it is only convenience for the mother and child.Neither mother nor baby should feel any discomfort during feeding, so the position that suits them both and is best for each pair of mother-baby. Poses can be alternated.
- The most common is the pose "Cradle". Mom holds the child in her arms, clasping it with one hand, the baby’s face is facing the mother’s breast. Mother holds her breast with her free hand and follows the feeding process. A similar posture - "Cross cradle". Here, the mother holds the head of the child with the hand opposite the breast, which he sucks.
- You can also feed the newborn lying down, be sure to put it on the pad, so that the crumbs do not have to reach behind the breast.
- Some babies, becoming older, can suck their breasts and sit, facing the mother.
It turns out that the posture for feeding can be any, if only it was comfortable, you can also alternate different options: feed sitting, lying, from under the arm (suitable for weakened babies, premature, as well as for women undergoing caesarean section).
How to properly apply the newborn to the breast
A very important point in the process of breastfeeding is to capture the nipple of the baby.In the child's mouth, he should be together with the areola circle - areola. It is in it that the receptors are located, giving a signal to the brain about the increased production of milk and its entry into the breast.
The correctness of the grip can be verified if the baby’s chin, cheeks and nose touch the mother’s breast, his lower lip is turned outwards, and the areola is in his mouth with the nipple. The main rule - the mother should not feel pain in the nipples during feeding. If there are unpleasant sensations, the child’s chest should be carefully taken away and re-offered, having followed the correctness of the grip.
More information on this topic will be provided by the article How to breastfeed.
Basic feeding rules
The basic rules for feeding newborns tell you what time they need to be fed, how often to do it, and how much milk is required.
When to feed
In short, you need to feed the child when he is hungry. These are obligatory daytime feeds as well as night feedings. Some mothers are of the opinion that the baby should sleep at night, so do not give the baby a breast until the morning.However, there is no need for such a large break, and if the baby requires breast in the middle of the night, then he must be satisfied with his request.
For one feeding, the baby is offered one breast, so that he will receive more liquid “front” milk, which serves for him as a drink, and thick “back”, rich in nutrients.
How often to feed
Previously, there were recommendations for a three-hour break between feedings, but now experts have a different opinion and advised to feed the baby on demand. In some children, the interval between feedings will be 2.5-3 hours, in others 1.5-2 hours, and another baby will insist on an hourly attachment to the breast. After all, the mother’s breast for a child is not only a source of nutrition; at the time of sucking the baby feels protected, calms down and, as many mothers observe, quietly falls asleep.
How much milk is required for one feed
In the first days after birth, a few drops of colostrum are enough for a baby. Then, after the arrival of milk, he can already suck up to 40 ml in one feeding, gradually increasing this volume and bringing it up to 100 ml at the age of one month.Of course, when breastfeeding is difficult to calculate exactly how many grams of milk went to the baby for one feeding. But this is not necessary. Mom can understand her baby is full or not, by the way he is gaining weight, how he behaves after feeding, how often he goes to the toilet. In addition, the child in one feeding may not finish, but in the next - to catch up.
This material is covered in more detail in the article How much should a newborn have.
How to feed a newborn with lactation problems
Undoubtedly, breast milk is the best food for a newborn, but sometimes there are temporary difficulties with breastfeeding or for some reason it is completely impossible. In this case, it is required to find a replacement for mother's milk, and here formulas for artificial feeding come to the rescue. There is a certain classification of such nutrition.
Mixtures labeled 0 or pre are intended for newborns and premature babies. With the number 1 - for children up to 6 months, with the number 2 - for babies from 6 months to a year, with the number 3 - for children after a year. Mixtures are:
- Highly adapted.
- Partially adapted.
- And also: fresh and fermented milk, liquid and dry, lactose-free and low-lactose, adapted milk-free and anti-reflux, enriched with iron and containing prebiotics, etc.
In each case, the mixture is selected individually in accordance with the recommendations of the pediatrician.