How to embroider paintings?
Embroidery has long been attracted by its originality and diversity, and this topic is of concern to many, especially in the fashionable trend of today hand-made, where work is possible not only with the usual floss (embroidery threads), but with beads, including rhinestones and beads.
Where do you start
For those who are interested in how to embroider a picture, you should familiarize yourself with the detailed scheme presented by the sequence of actions. First of all, it is necessary to carry out the preparatory work and stock up at the beginning with the canvas and a certain pattern (figure). This will allow to start the selection of basic materials for embroidery. After reviewing the embroidery scheme, it is worthwhile to designate on the canvas the middle of the pattern, folding for this a cloth of fabric four times. The intersection of the folds and will determine the center for the embroidered print.
It is recommended to pay special attention to the fact that the scheme itself is not a reflection of the true size for the selected embroidery. All the cells indicated in the diagram, although they correspond to the squares on the canvas, but are made to scale. The scheme should be used for proper orientation on the canvas.A colored cell does not indicate to the pattern that a stitch of the same color should be made on the canvas, and if there is an empty cell in the pattern, then the stitch on the canvas is not made at the same place.
In embroidery of stylish paintings and icons, it is recommended to use not only embroidery techniques with a cross and beads, where it is desirable to use the canvas as a base, but you can also embroider with other decorative stitches. Here the main principle is to match the thickness of the fabric to the thickness of the decorative thread for embroidery. Of course, it should be clear to everyone that thin silk should not be embroidered using thick woolen threads.
Embroidery is recommended to be performed on hoops or specially prepared frames. As fabrics for embroidery, besides the canvas, you can use a lot of materials to choose from: velvet, teak, calico, poplin, batiste, satin, brocade, canvas and bortovka.
Selecting the basis for embroidery, it is worth being guided by a certain conventionality - the fabric must necessarily be natural. Only in this way the base will be able to preserve its characteristic initial properties - appearance and strength - much longer.In this case, the fabric should be pre-processed so that it can sit down before the embroidery begins. It is usually washed in warm water, and then ironed.
Not only silk or cotton threads are used for hand embroidery, but also wool. Cotton thread is floss. But metallic is a kind of floss that has the addition of a metallized thread. This group contains varieties of threads with all sorts of effects - precious stones and metals, mother-of-pearl shades or antiquity. Such threads can be a decoration of any embroidery, but most often they are used for embroidering icons.
It is possible to use the popular iris and dragged or spun gold, including gold thread, as well as twisted gold, as embroidery threads. These types of threads, like beats, truncal and gimp, are commonly used in modern gold embroidery. In addition to specialized threads for embroidery, you can also use beads, beads, scar, bugles, sequins, pearls, rhinestones and stones.
Having decided on the basic materials, it is necessary to take care of the tools that will be needed for embroidery.It is necessary to purchase in advance (except for the hoop and needles) and other accessories for embroidery. These are scissors, pencils, stretchers, chalk, tracing paper, an awl, graph paper and a thimble.
Cross Stitch Technique
If you are interested in how to cross-stitch a picture, then it is worthwhile to get acquainted in more detail with the technique of performing horizontal rows. This technique involves first laying on the lower stitches, moving in the chosen (more convenient for you) direction, and then, returning - the upper stitches. Having mastered the stitches, you can easily figure out how to properly cross-stitch pictures. Examples of cross stitch patterns can be.
Among the huge variety of seams on the canvas, the most popular are the seam of a cross, a simple cross and an elongated cross. Besides the rice stitch, the combined cross-stitch variants, including the asterisk stitch, as well as the Bulgarian cross and the Algerian eye can also be used. In addition to tapestry and contour stitches, in embroidery, counting bead embroidery is also used, which will allow you to make original and three-dimensional paintings.
Beadwork (on the canvas)
For embroidery with beads is used in the form of horizontal parallel (or vertical) rows. When performing a horizontal parallel row, beadwork is carried out along the line of the pattern of the corresponding pattern horizontally, where a set of color beads is made strictly along this line.
We give advice to beginners who do not know how to embroider beads. When moving to another row, you must hold the needle on the seamy side of the embroidery, pointing it vertically up (or down) and moving it to the front side of the cage in the top corner.
Embroidery with parallel vertical rows can be started not only from above, but also from below, having previously fixed the thread itself. After removing it on the front side, strung a bead and enter it in the opposite (diagonal) corner. The thread is sent in the horizontal direction on the wrong side.
In bead embroidery, you can also use an arched seam - it is used as a method of decoration, not only in countable, but also in free embroidery. Therefore, from the entire range of types of embroidery presented, it will be possible to figure out how to embroider paintings, and in matters relating to the choice of embroidery techniques, as well as the necessary basic materials - the base (fabric) and what you decide to embroider paintings or icons.
After all, in addition to all sorts of threads and beads, it will be possible to use in the decorative embroidery of paintings and panels - pebbles, pearls, glass beads and other equally original attributes created specifically for the universal techniques of the popular hand made.