How to decline names?
When filling out documents, forms, cover sheets of examinations, people often wonder how to decline names and whether they are inclined at all. It is necessary to dwell on this issue in more detail and to figure out how to correctly sway names.
The spelling of the endings of family names and their declination mainly depend on the gender affiliation. To begin, consider how to persuade male surnames.
Russian male surnames
If the surname of primordially Russian origin ends in -ev, -ov, -in, then it is inclined according to the same principle as the second masculine nouns and possessive adjectives with suffixes -in, -ov. The only difference is that in the instrumental case of nouns, the ending is th, and in last names is th. Also, surnames differ from adjectives in the prepositional case (in the last names the ending is -e, in the adjectives -th).
- I.p. Ivanov (fathers, island)
- Rp Ivanova (father, island)
- DP Ivanov (father, island)
- Vp Ivanova (father, island)
- Tp Ivanov (father, island)
- Pp Ivanove (father, island)
The surnames of foreign origin to -in, -s are inclined according to the same principle, the difference is only in the end of the instrumental case, it will be -th (Kuzmin - Darwin). Female names also lean.
- I. p. Ivanova
- R. p. Ivanova
- D. p. Ivanova
- V. p. Ivanov
- T. p. Ivanova
- P. p. Ivanova
Difference in declination of female and male surnames
Consider further how to persuade female surnames, drawing a parallel with the male.
- Female and male surnames of foreign origin with a shock-free ending - a (Globa, Shcherba, etc.) and Russian surnames with a shock ending - a (Kvasha, Skovoroda, etc.) lean. For example: Maria Globa - Pavel Globa, Svetlana Kvasha - Vladimir Kvasha.
- French surnames with percussion ending -a (-I) do not bend, be it the male or female version. For example: a novel by Emil Zola.
- Both female and male surnames on Ukrainian origin (Kovalenko, Lukashenko, Shevchenko, etc.) are not inclined. For example: I saw Yuri Kovalenko (Maria Kovalenko).
- Foreign surnames in -о, -е, -и, -у, -ю both female and male do not lean. For example: poems by Yuri Zhivago (Antonina Zhivago).
- Male surnames ending in a consonant (Rosembaum, Blok, Stirlitz, etc.) tend to be inclined, unlike their female surnames.For example: the verses of Alexander Blok, but Alexander is the husband of Lyubov Blok.
- Both male and female surnames ending in –th (Twisted, Black, etc.) are not equally inclined. For example: talked with Alexander (Alexandra) Chernykh.
- Russian-language surnames with endings that are similar to the endings of full adjectives tend, moreover, similarly to this very adjective. It does not matter whether the surname is male or female. For example: Evgeny Bely, Maria Bely.
If you have any doubts about how to correctly slander names, it is better to ask for help from a spelling dictionary, in the application of which the basic rules of the Russian language are often written, including the declination rates of surnames.