How to build the pyramids?
Egyptian pyramids - mysterious structures, shrouded in many secrets and mysteries. Among researchers there is no consensus even about the age of the pyramids. The study by the method of radiocarbon decay showed that they are about 4.5 thousand years old. The statue of the Sphinx, built in a similar way, has an age of 8.5 thousand years. Astronomers insist on the idea that the pyramids exactly copy the location of the stars in the constellation of Orion 12.5 thousand years ago. Why could build a pyramid, focusing on the stars, also remains a mystery.
The scale of the tombs of the pharaohs are amazing. For example, the largest - the pyramid of Cheops - reaches a height of 147 m, and the size of its base is 230 m. Of course it is difficult to imagine how the Egyptians, who did not know the wheels, could build such structures without any serious technical base. Science has several theories on this point, none of which has been fully proven. Let's try to figure out how to build the pyramids of Egypt.
According to one version of how the pyramids were built, an internal ramp is used.Researchers say that the scale and complexity in creating such a ramp are comparable to the construction of the pyramid itself. Stone blocks, people could push up on the surface of the ramp, which was located in the center of the pyramid in the form of a spiral. In addition, there could be a counterweight system that facilitated such transportation.
The disadvantages of such a theory are the difficulty of moving the blocks due to the many turns, the inability to use lubricant for sliding, the need for constant illumination in the absence of windows and poor ventilation, a serious risk to the builders and, finally, the fact that it is impossible to build the pyramid in this way. That is, at least the last 10 meters would need to be built in some other way.
We have reached the only written source about the construction of the pyramids. Its author is Herodotus. Not knowing the language of the Egyptians, he collected information from the words of Greek settlers who might not have accurate information, so this information cannot be considered absolutely reliable.
In the work of Herodotus described some "wooden machines". During the excavations of the temple of the Queen Hatshepsut, the Italian Egyptologist Osvaldo Falestiedy found, in his opinion, the remnants of such a device.Moreover, the researcher managed to bring it into working condition. The lifting device resembles a cradle. It is able to shake the cargo, fixed with ropes, with the help of wedges inside the wooden frame. The scientist believes that in this way the Egyptians raised stone blocks to great heights.
It seems surprising not only how the pyramids were built in Egypt, raising the multi-ton stone blocks to a great height, but also how such building materials were transported to the construction site.
It is believed that huge stone blocks moved across the sand, pouring water on it. From the article How could build a pyramid, you can learn more about this and other proposed ways of moving blocks. In particular, the Egyptians could move them by swimming using special channels and wooden rafts.
Most likely, the water served in the construction of the pyramids also a means for measuring the level.
Ancient Egyptian concrete
Another version of the pyramid construction technology is the use of liquid solutions. A mixture similar to concrete could flow to a height in a liquid form, and already there it was poured into wooden forms, giving the shape of rectangular blocks.
Opponents of this theory argue that the features of the position of the blocks completely exclude the use of liquid solutions. From the article What the pyramids are made of, you can find out what exactly the pyramids were built from.
There are many unscientific versions of the construction of the pyramids. For example, there is a theory that the Egyptians could collaborate with aliens. It is believed that aliens could be depicted in the form of gods, in full size.
Continuing the argument about who built the pyramids except the Egyptians, we can recall the possibility of the existence of another, more developed civilization, which could build the pyramids, and then disappear without a trace. Perhaps the headgear of the Egyptian gods is nothing but the transformers of the power of thought into physical power. Using telekinesis, the keepers of secret knowledge made heavy stone blocks soar above the ground.
Very unusual is the version that the pyramids were built using sound. Special installations in the form of large metal plates were in resonance during the ringing strikes on one of them, forcing the huge stone to somehow get off the ground and swim along the established route.
Whatever the case, the beautiful and mysterious pyramids are still the subject of much controversy and controversy. It seems they will forever keep their secrets.