How to build a thermohouse
You will need
- - expanded polystyrene;
- - waterproofing material;
- - fittings;
- - concrete;
- - wooden beams;
- - reinforced concrete slabs;
- - finishing material for facade work;
- - drywall;
- - grid for plaster;
- - fasteners;
- - engineering systems;
- - Building tools.
The foundation in the thermo house can be very diverse. More often than usual, it is a reinforced concrete slab or tape monolithic base.
Build walls of the basement of thermal blocks, while making sure to reinforce them. Lay horizontal waterproofing between walls and plinths. In addition, cover the basement and basement with waterproofing material.
Build walls of thermal blocks, shifting them horizontally and vertically with reinforcement. After five rows have been laid, pour concrete solution into the holes in the formwork. The process is repeated until the complete walling.
Heating, plumbing and sewage systems, as well as electrical wiring, lay in the walls of the building. In the building blocks, cut the channels into which the pipes of the engineering systems are laid.And only after that just pour the concrete solution: hardened concrete perfectly protects the pipe from damage.
Reinforcement count, based on the number of floors thermo house. It is better to make the calculation of the diameter of the reinforcement by a qualified specialist: here errors are not allowed. The perimeter of the openings must also be reinforced.
Make the floor cover heavy (for this purpose, reinforced concrete hollow core slabs are used) or light (wooden beams are used for this purpose).
The facade of the thermo-house erected from polystyrene foam, trim with special materials designed for blocks. The surface is flat, so you can save on labor costs and the amount of finishing material used. In that case, if the walls are lined with brick, they will erect a foundation for it.
Inside the walls of the thermo house, finish them with plasterboard or plaster on the grid.