How do mushrooms multiply?

Anastasia Shostak
Anastasia Shostak
April 8, 2013
How do mushrooms multiply?

The most ancient heterotrophic organisms are mushrooms. They occupy a particularly significant place in the whole system of living nature. Their sizes range from microscopic to several meters. Most often, fungal organisms settle on animals or plants, on dead organic debris or even on humans, on grasses or roots of trees and shrubs. Their role in biocenoses and in the life of our nature is considered quite diverse and great. Mushrooms are our protectors.

How mushrooms multiply in reality

A complex breeding process for all fungi is necessary to preserve not only the abundance of this species, but also to survive and dispel all the most unfavorable conditions, for example, lack of food, dryness or heat in the summer. Mushrooms can multiply in several ways: by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods. Particles of mycelium is a vegetative method of reproduction. Special formations on mushrooms take part in this difficult process.Oidia and chlamydospores can be completely attributed to these formations. The reproduction of fungi is carried out by budding individual cells or mycelium.

What mushrooms multiply by budding

Yeast is a prime example of fungi that grow by budding. The progeny DNA does not differ from the parent's DNA during vegetative reproduction. There is a lot of literature about which mushrooms multiply by budding. When bespoly method of reproduction mushrooms multiply with the help of special spores. Special cells that form spores are formed by the filaments of each fungus. In the form of branches, not capable of growth, these cells look. Sporangia called such complex formation. In this case, the parent's DNA is never different from that of the descendants.

Sexual reproduction of mushrooms

This way when mushrooms multiply by spores. It is considered inherent in all truffles, moldy mushrooms and other species. Sexual reproduction is when, in the process of fertilization, the DNA of both parents forms the DNA of the offspring. Very differently, there is a union of DNA in the kingdom of fungi. The process of reproduction consists of a complex process of merging female and male sexual gametes, a zygote is formed as a result of this difficult merger of all cells.