Epidemic Mumps (mumps): symptoms of the disease
How does parotitis begin
The causative agent of mumps is a virus belonging to the family of paramyxoviruses. Infection occurs through airborne droplets when in contact with a sick person. Moreover, the virus carrier is contagious already 2 days before the manifestation of mumps symptoms. The incubation period lasts from 11 to 23 days.
On the eve of the first symptoms, an infected person may feel weakness, fatigue. Often there are pains in the head and muscles.Sleep and appetite may also worsen.
Symptoms and treatment of mumps
The main symptom of mumps, because of which she received the official name "parotitis" - swelling of the parotid salivary glands on one or both sides.In Latin, this gland is called glandula parotidea.
Swelling is accompanied by dry mouth, as well as pain in the ear. These pains are exacerbated during talking or eating (chewing, swallowing).
In the mild form of the disease, parotid gland swelling is practically the only symptom of mumps. In some cases there may also be a feeling of weakness, malaise. The treatment consists of isolating the patient for at least 9 days, bed rest and diet. It is necessary to reduce the proportion of bread from wheat flour, pasta, fatty foods in the diet, and increase the amount of dairy products, potatoes, rice, black bread. After recovery, the person becomes resistant to this disease.
If the patient has symptoms such as a marked swelling of the salivary glands, severe headaches, chills, and the temperature reaches 38-39 degrees, the mumps proceeds in moderate form. To avoid complications, you must call the doctor and strictly adhere to his recommendations.
With a severe course of the disease, a high temperature (about 40 degrees) can last for a long time. The patient has a noticeable decline in strength, an increase in pulse rate while reducing blood pressure, and a sharp decrease in appetite, to the point of completely refusing food. Touching the salivary gland causes severe pain, swelling can affect the neck. As a rule, in such cases hospitalization is necessary.