Endometrial hyperplasia: causes and effects

Endometrial function

No doctor will not call a single size of the thickness of the endometrium, this value is constantly changing depending on the monthly cycle of a woman. The mucous layer is thinnest at the beginning of the cycle, immediately after menstruation. Within 2 weeks, his cells divide and grow, creating a semblance of a fluffy blanket. In the next 2 weeks, the endometrium prepares to accept a fertilized egg, and if this does not happen, the mucous membrane is rejected and leaves the body along with the cause of menstrual blood. This whole process is regulated by hormones, mainly estrogen and progestogen.

Cause of hyperplasia

The higher the level of estrogen in the female body, the more actively and rapidly the endometrium grows. Sometimes its layer becomes too large, so-called hyperplasia develops. There are several reasons for this. Estrogen can be produced in the adipose tissue of a woman; some ovarian tumors (not necessarily malignant) can also increase its production.And sometimes certain drugs taken by a woman become the culprits.


In general, endometrial hyperplasia does not manifest itself with any specific symptoms. The only thing that might suggest him is too much bleeding at the end of the cycle. If the disease progresses, bleeding can occur in the middle of the cycle, as well as in women who, because of their age, no longer have menstruation.

Consequences of endometrial hyperplasia

The consequences of endometrial hyperplasia can be very different. First of all, this is reflected in the ability of a woman to become pregnant. It may sound paradoxical, but even though the egg cell needs a thick layer of the endometrium, into which it could be implanted, with hyperplasia, the chances of successful implantation are noticeably reduced. But more dangerous can be severe bleeding, which month after month for just one year can completely deplete a woman’s body. The hemoglobin level will slowly decrease, the body will begin to try to restore its quantity from stocks until they reach a critical minimum.But since all this will occur gradually, the woman will write off all the symptoms of anemia for anything, but not for iron deficiency. Constant fatigue, insomnia, dryness of the skin, shortness of breath, the inability to perform normal work - this is an incomplete list of consequences that are caused by such seemingly harmless phenomenon as endometrial hyperplasia.