Aquilegia - the luxurious decoration of your garden
Beautiful aquilegia will be a bright and delicate decoration of your garden or window sill, if properly care for such a plant. Find out how to do this.
Aquilegia is a perennial plant belonging to the family of Buttercups. The name is divided into two parts and is translated from Latin as "water" and "collect" (or "eagle"). In the common people, the plant is also called an eagle, a catchment, shoes of elves and a dove.
The peculiarity of the flower is that after the rain water accumulates on its petals. There are more than 120 species, but aquilegia terry, indoor, hybrid, white, blue, Barlow Christa, Crimson Star, yellow, Nora Barlow, stunted, and some others are considered to be the most common.
The plant has beautiful flowers, consisting of five petals and located in the center of a kind of five-part halo. Many varieties of hybrid, therefore, combine several shades, but the most common are purple, pink, beige, white, purple.
How, when and where to plant?
How to grow a flower aquilegia at home? First, choose a suitable place in which the plant will be permanently. It is allowed to grow in a pot at home, but still the catchment will feel more comfortable in the open air, and most of the known hybrid varieties are characterized by frost resistance and relative undemanding. It is best to choose a well-lit place, but still protected from direct sunlight. In the partial shade, aquilegia can also grow, but its flowers in such conditions can become small and lose their decorative effect.
The second important issue is landing time. If you decide to cook seedlings at home, the seeds are sown in March. Shoots usually appear after two weeks, and when they get two or three stronger sheets, you can transplant them into the open ground. If you plan to sow the seeds immediately, you can do it either in late spring or early June, or in the fall immediately after harvest. And sowing before the winter allows you to get more developed and lush bushes.
And finally, consider two main ways of growing:
- From seeds. They are sown in the garden when the temperature warms to 16-18 degrees.Seeds are placed in the ground about five millimeters deep and covered with foil, if it is cool outside. The soil is moistened approximately every three days. After three to five weeks, shoots should appear, and at this point the film should be removed.
- From seedlings. If you choose this method, then in April or the end of March, sow the seeds in pots with the prepared soil, dipping them by about 0.5 cm. Do not allow the soil to dry out; moisten it regularly. The optimum temperature is 18-19 degrees. And in order to seedlings appear faster, the seeds can be frozen before planting, that is, they can be left in the refrigerator or on the balcony for a couple of days. Planting is carried out after the appearance of three strong leaves.
The necessary conditions
Caring for aquilegia involves compliance with several conditions:
- Suitable soil. Although aquilegia is not so fastidious to the ground, it is still better to prepare a mixture consisting of leaf humus, sand, and soddy earth. It is not necessary to change the soil in the garden, but it should be fairly light and loose. If the land in your area is not very fertile, dig it into about thirty to forty centimeters, adding a little humus or compost.
- Watering should be frequent, as the plant is hygrophilous. Ideally, the soil should almost always be wet, and it is desirable to imitate rain and irrigate the soil and the flowers themselves with a spray gun. With this watering on the petals will accumulate droplets of water, iridescent under the rays of the sun.
- Periodic weeding and loosening the soil. It should be freed from weeds, as they interfere with the normal growth and flowering of the aquilegia. Loosening allows you to provide access to oxygen to the roots and to avoid their rotting.
- If the soil is not fertile enough (weak, small, and withered leaves and flowers of aquilegia will tell about this), then feed it. It is best to do this three times during the entire warm season: in early May, in June, and also after flowering or pruning. For fertilizer, you can use mineral or organic fertilizer, mullein. It is also recommended to periodically make humus under each bush.
- Transplant At one place, aquilegia safely grows to five years, then loses its decorative qualities. To avoid this, collect seeds yourself and sow them in other areas.You can also carefully transplant large bushes.
How to multiply?
It is possible to propagate such a plant as aquilegia in several ways:
- Seeds. They are sown either directly in open ground at the end of spring or in autumn after ripening and harvesting. It is also possible to prepare seedlings, but this method is more time consuming and lengthy.
- Division of the bush. This method is used much less frequently, since the roots are located deep in the soil and are quite fragile, therefore they can be injured and damaged during reproduction. But if you decide to choose this method, then carefully dig up a bush, shake and rinse the root, divide it into several parts (each must have strong shoots). Slices can be sprinkled with ashes. Next, plant small bushes in different places and water them sufficiently plentifully and often so that they will settle down faster.
- Cuttings. The cuttings are separated from the main bush and planted in the sand, covered with film and actively moistened by spraying or spraying. And to escape caught on faster and better, you can process it with a growth stimulator.
Tip: if you grow aquilegia from seeds, then remember that they contain toxic substances. Therefore, work should be done with gloves to protect the skin.In addition, keep seeds out of the reach of animals and children.
Growing aquilegia can be overshadowed by some problems. So, many are faced with pests, and most often the plants are attacked by aphids, leaf miners and spider mites. Diseases are also common: gray rot, powdery mildew.
The main symptoms of the latter are white bloom on the foliage and its subsequent darkening and falling off. Gray rot appears as watery areas of darkening. To save the plant, it should be treated with sulfur containing agent. Insecticides are used to control insects.
To make aquilegia delight you with its delicate flowers, care for it properly.